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This paper presents the optimal rational approximation of (1+α) order Butterworth filter, where α ∊ (0,1) under the continued fraction expansion framework, by employing a new cost function. Two simple techniques based on the constrained optimization and the optimal pole-zero placements are proposed to model the magnitude-frequency response of the fractional-order lowpass Butterworth filter (FOLBF). The third-order FOLBF approximants achieve good agreement to the ideal characteristic for sixdoi:10.3390/fractalfract4040055 fatcat:whljtvnbkraupkwtodqj6mxydq