Understanding the Rise of Far-Right Populist Parties in Europe

Alina Sobolik
2019 Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union  
This paper seeks to answer the question: what drives the recent electoral success of far-right populist parties (RPPs) in Europe? I will argue that it is supply factors, rather than demand factors, united under the theme of mistrust, that drove the recent electoral success of RPPs. To support my argument, I will summarize the 'losers of globalization' theory and apply it to the financial and economic crises, the migration crisis, the polarization of politics, and mistrust in governments, and
more » ... egorize them as supply or demand factors according to Matt Golder's definitions. For the sake of this paper, I will use a broad description of RPPs: any party that appeals primarily to the middle class while intentionally 'othering' the elite and immigrants. 'Othering,' in this sense, refers to the process of alienating or excluding a group from society, creating a dichotomy between 'us' and 'them.'
doi:10.5642/urceu.201901.08 fatcat:gkp7n7wic5bt7l3u6c6ggxqwim