CT FINDINGS IN INITIAL RT-PCR NEGATIVE TESTING COVID 19: BASED ON STUDY IN A LARGEST TERTIARY CARE CENTRE OF CENTRAL INDIA

Shyam Chhadi, Aarti Anand, Ravi Kumar
2020 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH  
SUMMARY STATEMENT CT imaging findings in patients of suspected 2019-nCoV infection, who have initial negative results of reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to explore the diagnostic value of CT over RT-PCR in the diagnosis of corona virus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia, especially for patients who have initial negative results of reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients
more » ... METHODS Patients with suspected COVID-19 pneumonia from April 1, 2020, to September 30, 2020, were included. They are initially underwent RT-PCR followed by HRCT thorax after 1 day of negative initial RT-PCR testing. The imaging findings were obtained and compared with CT findings of those patients who have confirmed initial reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing. RESULTS Total sixty (40 men, 20 women) patients who have initial negative RT-PCR testing but are highly suspicious for 2019-nCoV infection were included in our study and their age range between 22 years to 70 years. In our study most of the findings were seen involved the multiple( 70%) lobes in both lungs. The main CT features were ground-glass opacity (90%) and consolidation (60%) with a sub pleural (100%) and peri hilar or central distribution. The other CT features included air bronchograms (60%), vascular enlargement and interlobular septal thickening (50%), tree in bud appearance and pleural effusions (10%). when CT of patient with initial negative RT-PCR test were compared with CT of patients with initial positive RT-PCR test , it was found that most of the findings like ground glass opacities and consolidatory changes were also likely present in these group (p>0.05). CONCLUSION Chest CT is an important tools for screening and diagnosing the patients who are initial negative RT-PCR however they are highly suspicious and having symptoms like 2019-nCoV infection.
doi:10.36106/ijsr/3901556 fatcat:46q7mhjlnjcmhe5mmw6xwx2pni