Review of bioequivalence studies of cholecalciferol drugs
Research Results in Pharmacology
The general requirements for assessing bioequivalence of endogenous drugs are described in the relevant guidelines, but they do not provide a complete picture of how to adequately develop a design of such a study. The aim of this article is to offer recommendations on the development of a design for bioequivalence studies of endogenous drugs, using cholecalciferol as an example. Materials and methods: A systematic review of our database on the results of bioequivalence studies of generic drugs
... evealed one study of cholecalciferol drugs, which was performed using a simple cross-over design. The study involved 24 healthy adult subjects. The data of 24 volunteers were retrospectively analyzed to identify endogenous cholecalciferol concentrations and intraindividual variability (CVintra) for Cmax and AUC0-t. As part of a retrospective analysis, we also assessed gender differences of pharmacokinetics. Results and discussion: Assessment of the bioequivalence of cholecalciferol drugs was complicated by the presence of endogenous concentrations of cholecalciferol for the tested drug – 1.27 (±0.55) ng/ml and for the reference drug – 0.98 (±0.55) ng/ml. The results of the analysis of the intraindividual variability of Cmax and AUC0-72 of the tested and reference drugs showed the following CVintra values – 22.80% and 21.58%, respectively. A comparative analysis of pharmacokinetic parameters did not reveal statistically significant gender differences. The article presents approaches to the planning of future bioequivalence studies of cholecalciferol drugs. Conclusion: Cholecalciferol is not a highly variable drug; however, it relates to drugs – analogues of endogenous compounds, which requires determining the endogenous concentrations.