PHOSPHOLIPASE A2 ACTIVATION BY A MECHANISM SEPARATE TO THAT RESPONSIBLE FOR PHOSPHOLIPASE C STIMULATION IN ALPHA-THROMBIN-STIMULATED HUMAN PLATELETS

Michael Crouch, Eduardo Lapetina
1987 COAGULATION   unpublished
The ability of cell surface receptor occupation to increase the activity of phospholipase A2 has been thought to be due to the prior activation of phospholipase C and an increase in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration. However, recent evidence from our and other laboratories has suggested that this may not be the case, but rather stimulation of phospholipase A2 may be under the control of separate receptor-activated events. We have investigated this further by comparing the ability of
more » ... lin (PGI2) and epinephrine to alter platelet responses to thrombin and examining the resulting phospholipase A2 activities.Alpha-thrombin stimulated aggregation of human platelets, the formation of inositol phosphates and phosphatidic acid, mobilizaton of Ca2+ from internal stores and Ca2+ influx, protein phosporylation (47 kDa and 20 kDa) and arachidonic acid (AA) release. Each of these responses was partially inhibited by prostacyclin (PGI2) except that of AA release, which was abolished. In combination with epinephrine and PGI2, alpha-thrombin-induced aggregation, phosphatidic acid formation and protein phosphorylation were restored, but the release of AA only reached 50% of its control value. Epinephrine alone had no effect on any of these responses, either in the presence or absence of PGI2. Thus, alpha-thrombin-induced activation of phospholipase A2 is more sensitive to the effects of PGI2 than is phospholipase C, and supports the possibility that there are distinct control mechanisms for receptor activation of these enzymes. We are presently examining the role of Gs in the inhibition by PGI2 of platelet phospholipase A2 and of Gi in the thrombin stimulation of this enzyme
doi:10.1055/s-0038-1644470 fatcat:ghhyrtbddnbkjfeauv6xq3oqai