2.11 Available methods for the sampling of nectar, pollen, and flowers of different plant species

Silvio Knäbe, Pierre Mack, Ang Chen², Sigrun Bocksch
Julius-Kühn-Archiv   unpublished
The new draft EFSA guidance document introduces additional assessment factors for pollinators other than honey bees. However, there are no standard test protocols available. Therefore, the only way for risk assessment refinements, are a more precise estimate of the potential exposure in nectar and pollen. The aim of the paper is to present available sampling methods of nectar and pollen but also tries to refine methodology for sampling of nectar and pollen mentioned in the guidance document.