Exploring Artist Gender Bias in Music Recommendation [article]

Dougal Shakespeare, Lorenzo Porcaro, Emilia Gómez, Carlos Castillo
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Music Recommender Systems (mRS) are designed to give personalised and meaningful recommendations of items (i.e. songs, playlists or artists) to a user base, thereby reflecting and further complementing individual users' specific music preferences. Whilst accuracy metrics have been widely applied to evaluate recommendations in mRS literature, evaluating a user's item utility from other impact-oriented perspectives, including their potential for discrimination, is still a novel evaluation
more » ... in the music domain. In this work, we center our attention on a specific phenomenon for which we want to estimate if mRS may exacerbate its impact: gender bias. Our work presents an exploratory study, analyzing the extent to which commonly deployed state of the art Collaborative Filtering(CF) algorithms may act to further increase or decrease artist gender bias. To assess group biases introduced by CF, we deploy a recently proposed metric of bias disparity on two listening event datasets: the LFM-1b dataset, and the earlier constructed Celma's dataset. Our work traces the causes of disparity to variations in input gender distributions and user-item preferences, highlighting the effect such configurations can have on user's gender bias after recommendation generation.
arXiv:2009.01715v2 fatcat:pt5q3msxm5eurnfw5xd7zmexay