Effect of external tooth bleaching on dental plaque accumulation and tooth discoloration

Ulvi Kahraman Gursoy, Digdem Isin Eren, Ozden Ozel Bektas, Feridun Hurmuzlu, Vildan Bostanci, Hakan Ozdemir
2008 Medicina Oral  
Treatment of dental discolorations with external bleaching is becoming very common in dentistry, however, possible irreversible alterations on enamel surface due to bleaching procedures is a topic of discussion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of bleaching by measuring the dental plaque accumulation on human enamel and tooth discoloration in vivo. Forty-four teeth in eleven patients not revealing any restorations or periodontal problems were enrolled in this study.
more » ... aching agent applied only to labial surfaces of incisors using commercial 35% hydrogen peroxide gel. Dental plaque and tooth color measured in the same group of participants, at the end of non-brushing periods lasting 3 and 5 days, respectively, before and after bleaching. The results of the comparison of pre- and post-bleaching measurements showed that, after a non-brushing period lasting 3 day, discoloration scores and plaque accumulation scores for bleached surfaces were lower than the non-bleached surface scores. However, at the end of a non-brushing period lasting 5 day, even the color measurement score in post-bleaching period was lower than the pre-bleaching counterpart, plaque index measurements showed higher plaque accumulation scores in the bleached group. According to these results, bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide seem to favor plaque accumulation after non-brushing period lasting 5 day and tooth discoloration after bleaching is not in correlation with the amount of plaque accumulation.
pmid:18379454 fatcat:dzpso23a2ngl3afk3ta5lukwzi