Power flow control with bidirectional dual active bridge battery charger in low-voltage microgrids

Luis M. Miranda, Diogo Varajao, Bruno dos Santos, Rui E. Araujo, C. L. Moreira, J. A. Pecas Lopes
2013 2013 15th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE)  
Acknowledgments This work is supported in part by the ERDF -European Regional Development Fund through the COMPETE Program (operational program for competitiveness) and by National Funds through the FCT-Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) within project Microgrids+EV: Identification of Control and Management Strategies for Microgrids with Plugged-in Electric Vehicles, PTDC/EEA-EEL/103546/2008-(FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-009866). Abstract This paper
more » ... describes a power conversion system that implements bidirectional power flow between the electric grid and a battery, based on a full bridge inverter associated with a dual active bridge. A method for power flow control based on the agreement between battery pack and low voltage grid requirements has been developed to allow the large penetration of both, electric vehicles (EV) and renewable microgeneration. A laboratory prototype containing all functions required to implement a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) power interface has been built. The hardware implementation is reported, including control scheme and high-frequency transformer design details. Converter key waveforms are presented to evaluate the power quality on batteries and grid, as well as its dynamic behavior. An experimental laboratory setup is described and results are shown to demonstrate the technical benefits for low-voltage (LV) microgrids, if electric vehicle charger includes a power flow control based on frequency-voltage droop concept.
doi:10.1109/epe.2013.6634668 fatcat:hzx4tm7szjawvbfeajmhpdquaq