Geological implications of continental magnetic anomalies derived from new CHAMP satellite data

Kumar Hemant, Stefan Maus
2003 SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2003   unpublished
After a gap of nearly two decades since the Magsat mission in 1980, the dedicated low-orbit potential field mission CHAMP is now in the third of its seven year mission. Already, the new magnetic total intensity and vector data have yielded maps of the global crustal field of unprecedented accuracy and resolution. Here, we assess the value of these maps to infer deep crustal structure of regions overlain by younger cover. A GIS based modelling technique has been developed to model the various
more » ... logical units of the continents starting from the UNESCO geological map of the world. Depending upon the known rock types of the region, they are assigned a standard susceptibility value and using the Crust2.1 seismic crustal structure, a vertically integrated susceptibility (VIS) model is computed at each point of the region. Starting with this initial VIS model, the total field anomaly is computed at a satellite altitude of 400 km and compared with the corresponding CHAMP total field anomaly map. The first comparison is carried out against a model using the lateral extent of a cratonic region as given by published tectonic maps. In the subsequent modelling step, depending upon the extent of the observed anomaly pattern of that region, the surface geology is extended beneath the sediments until the recomputed map fits the observed magnetic map. Here, we focus on modelling results for the midproterozoic province of the south-central USA, where a possible extension of an orogenic intrusion of granites and anorthosites under the Phanerozoic cover is investigated. The result gives a corrected boundary for this mid-proterozoic province. Similar modelling of CHAMP satellite magnetic anomalies can constrain the subsurface structure hidden by Phanerozoic cover in many parts of the world.
doi:10.1190/1.1818006 fatcat:g7quwnqjsjdlzpa27cf7aj47yi