The Effect of Pilates Training and Electrical Stimulation on Motor and Cognitive Function of Women with Multiple Sclerosis

Bahloul Ghorbanian, Yousef Saberi, Maryam Rasouli, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz. Iran, Department of Exercise Physiology and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran, Department of Sport Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz. Iran
2019 The Neuroscience Journal of Shefaye Khatam  
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, debilitating nervous sys tem disease, which damages the myelin of the central nervous sys tem. The purpose of this s tudy was to inves tigate the effect of 8 weeks Pilates training and direct transcranial s timulation (tDCS) on motor and cognitive functions in women with MS. Materials and Methods: The present s tudy was a semi-experimental one in which the women with MS in Tabriz, Iran were selected and 36 of them were selected as subjects with age range of
more » ... s with age range of 20-40 years. They were randomly divided into four groups; Pilates + tDCS, Pilates + Placebo, tDCS, and control groups. The Pilates and tDCS training program consis ted of 8 weeks (three sessions/60 minutes) Pilates training plus 20 minutes of electrical s timulation. Results: The results have shown that after exercise and electrical s timulation, the tDCS + exercise and exercise + placebo groups improved motor functions (general endurance, general speed, flexibility, balance). The results also revealed that among the measured cognitive factors, there was a significant improvement in the cognitive flexibility in the tDCS + exercise, the exercise + placebo, and the tDCS groups. Conclusion: Considering the combined effects of exercise with tDCS on motor functions, it seems that the use of these two techniques is helpful in improving motor functions in MS patients. However, this combined therapy can not improve cognitive functions of patients with MS.
doi:10.29252/shefa.8.1.63 fatcat:4a6f7ctzfbaotgdisfdcg7fjry