Widely Tunable On-Chip Microwave Circulator for Superconducting Quantum Circuits

Benjamin J. Chapman, Eric I. Rosenthal, Joseph Kerckhoff, Bradley A. Moores, Leila R. Vale, J. A. B. Mates, Gene C. Hilton, Kevin Lalumière, Alexandre Blais, K. W. Lehnert
2017 Physical Review X  
We report on the design and performance of an on-chip microwave circulator with a widely (GHz) tunable operation frequency. Non-reciprocity is created with a combination of frequency conversion and delay, and requires neither permanent magnets nor microwave bias tones, allowing on-chip integration with other superconducting circuits without the need for high-bandwidth control lines. Isolation in the device exceeds 20 dB over a bandwidth of tens of MHz, and its insertion loss is small, reaching
more » ... is small, reaching as low as 0.9 dB at select operation frequencies. Furthermore, the device is linear with respect to input power for signal powers up to hundreds of fW ($\approx 10^3$ circulating photons), and the direction of circulation can be dynamically reconfigured. We demonstrate its operation at a selection of frequencies between 4 and 6 GHz.
doi:10.1103/physrevx.7.041043 fatcat:gocf7527dzcsnpk4k3pkyb2zu4