Yukarı Granikos Vadisinde Bir Bizans Kalesi: Sapan Hisar
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT The Granicus (Biga Çayı) Valley makes a connection with the Rhodius (Sarıçay) Valley that reaches the middle section of the strait, thereby forming a natural road which provides access to the front parts of the Cyzicus. This region constituted one of our study areas in the hinterland of the strait. In the present study, it was aimed to evaluate the archaeological data we detected in the Byzantine castle in Kocayayla Village on the Granicus Valley. The castle is located at an
... le is located at an altitude of about 520 m on the eastern margin of the ancient Mt. Marceus, at an elevation of approximately 720 m, which extends for about 10 km in the east -west direction and took the name Karadağ in the Ottoman period. The north-east and north-west of the hill where the castle is located slope less. There is a ditch in front of the walls in this part. Nevertheless, the south-eastern and south-western sides of the hill are steeper. The castle has a two-chamber plan formed according to the topography of the land. The first section shows a nearly round plan. The total length of the walls which constitute this plan is about 435 m. The walls extend at altitudes approximately between 514 and 510 m in the north-east of the hill. There are three towers with a quadrilateral plan on this wall. The second section of the castle is comprised of a wall which covers the space between the tower located at the north-eastern corner and the rocky section in the west and a wall extending to the south-western tower from this rocky area. The entrance of the castle was probably in the section where the rocky areas were located. The south-eastern and south-western sides of the hill are quite steep and therefore favorable for defense. This feature of the topography was utilized when planning the castle. On the other hand, defense was reinforced by opening a ditch in front of its less sloping north-eastern and north-western walls. The defensive ditches referred to reinforce defense in Byzantine castles were used in the ramparts of İstanbul. It is understood that castle ditches were included in many defensive structures apart from those in the capital city. * Bu makale Crosscheck sistemi tarafından taranmış ve bu sistem sonuçlarına göre orijinal bir makale olduğu tespit edilmiştir.