Profile of Toll-Like Receptors on Peripheral Blood Cells in Relation to Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease after Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

Cristina Skert, Manuela Fogli, Simone Perucca, Emirena Garrafa, Simona Fiorentini, Carla Filì, Cesare Bergonzi, Michele Malagola, Alessandro Turra, Chiara Colombi, Federica Cattina, Elisa Alghisi (+2 others)
2013 Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation  
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a key role in the cross-talk between the innate and adaptive immune systems. Previous studies investigating associations between certain TLRs and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) have reported contrasting results, and no studies relating aGVHD to the expression and function of all human TLRs together have been published to date. We prospectively evaluated the expression of 9 TLRs on T lymphocytes and monocytes by flow cytometry in relation to aGVHD in 34
more » ... tients. Induction of TNF-a, IL-4, IFN-g, and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 on TLR activation was assessed by ELISA on cell supernatants. Nineteen patients developed aGVHD, at a median time of 28 days (range, 20-50 days) after transplantation. A 2-step multivariate analysis was performed using principal component analysis and multifactor analysis of variance. The levels of TLR-5 expression on monocytes and T lymphocytes were positively correlated to aGVHD (P ¼ .01), whereas levels of TLR-1 and -9 were negative predictors (P ¼ .03 and .01, respectively). This profile of TLR-1, -5, and -9 can promote an overall immunostimulatory/proinflammatory response. If our findings are confirmed by further studies, this TLR profile could be a useful biomarker of aGVHD. Ó
doi:10.1016/j.bbmt.2012.09.013 pmid:23022388 fatcat:2ar4wzydjrg2peo53hs35kxkum