Structures, energetics and magnetic properties of AunSFem and AunFem clusters for m = 1-5 and n = 1-5, 12 and 32
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science
Simulations of nanoscale systems are important from the understanding point of view of the physics and chemistry involved in describing observed phenomenon. This paper presents the results of systematic theoretical investigation of the structural and magnetic properties of goldiron complexes at small size scale. Ab initio calculations are performed for Au n Fe m with and without the presence of a sulfur atom, i.e., the clusters Au n SFe m , where n, m = 1 -5. The study also includes Au 6 SFe
... ncludes Au 6 SFe and Au 12 Fe in order to investigate how the fully wrapped Fe atom responds to the Au atoms .The study mainly focuses on the geometrical and magnetic changes with a step by step removal of the sulfur atom as a function of the cluster size. It is found that average Au-Fe bond length is increased with increasing number of atoms in the cluster. An increase of Au-Fe bond length would have increased the magnetic moment of the Fe atom, but due to the hybridization of Au and Fe orbitals, the moment converges to about 3.00 B . This value is higher than the magnetic moment of Fe atom in bulk gold. An enhanced magnetic moment is found on Fe atom even if it is fully wrapped by the Au 12 octahedral cluster. From this study it is found that, the cluster stability is increased on the addition of a single sulfur atom to the Au n Fe m clusters. A special stability is observed in Au 4 SFe, Au 6 SFe, Au 12 SFe and Au 4 SFe 2 clusters as the sulfur atom in these clusters is found to be doubly bonded. Generally, the systematic studies on the small sized clusters show an enhanced magnetic moment on the iron atoms bonded to the gold atoms as compared to the corresponding bare iron clusters. This indicates that, the magnetic moment of iron atoms can be enhanced by a complete coating with gold atoms for practical applications. This complete coating can prevent iron from oxidation and may also prevent coalescence of iron clusters and formation of thromboses. The coupling of iron atoms in this work remains ferromagnetic irrespective of the number of gold atoms in the cluster.