Transients in Porous Media: Exact and Modelled Time-Domain Green's Functions
Acta Acustica united with Acustica
Time domain responses of porous media have been studied by some authors, but generally the possible descriptions have been given in the frequency domain. The aim of this paper, limited to materials with rigid skeleton considered as equivalent fluids, is to compare the descriptions by Johnson-Allard (JA well as by Pride-Lafarge (PL) with i) some analytical, approximate formulas, based upon asymptotic high frequency expansion ; ii) the exact formula by Zwikker and Kosten for the case of
... l pores. The paper starts with a short summary of the statement of the different general full frequency models (JA and PL). The Green function in the time domain is shown to exhibit interesting properties of materials. In particular the maximum response depends on one dimensionless parameter only, which is denoted ξ and is the ratio of the travelled distance to the product of the " frozen" sound speed and a characteristic viscous relaxation time. The distance ξ is related to a time domain Stokes number. The numerical computation of the Green function is done by FFT, with some precautions, because of the importance of the higher frequencies on the response shape. The PL description is shown to be the best full frequency general model, but some discrepancies with the exact model appear at short times or short distances. When the distance ξ increases from zero, the asymptotic expansion shows that the maximum of the Green function decreases first as 1/ξ ^2, then exponentially.