On residually thin and nilpotent table algebras, fusion rings, and association schemes

Harvey I. Blau
2022 Algebraic Combinatorics  
Residually thin and nilpotent table algebras, which are abstractions of fusion rings and adjacency algebras of association schemes, are defined and investigated. A formula for the degrees of basis elements in residually thin table algebras is established, which yields an integrality result of Gelaki and Nikshych as an immediate corollary; and it is shown that this formula holds only for such algebras. These theorems for table algebras specialize to new results for association schemes.
more » ... d thin-central (BTC) chains of closed subsets are used to define nilpotence, in the manner of Hanaki for association schemes. Lower BTC-chains are defined as an abstraction of the lower central series of a finite group. A partial characterization is proved; and a family of examples illustrates that unlike the case for finite groups, there is not necessarily a unique lower BTC-chain for a nilpotent table algebra or association scheme.
doi:10.5802/alco.194 fatcat:dgpbxvaoufc5jcvzeo7mwe5luu