Socio-economic risk factors for severe protein energy malnutrition among children in Mulago Hospital, Kampala

M Owor, JK Tumwine, JK Kikafunda
2009 East African Medical Journal  
Despite Uganda's recent economic success, malnutrition is still an important public health problem and little information is available on socio-economic risk factors for severe protein energy malnutrition. Objective: To determine socio-economic risk factors for severe protein energy malnutrition among children aged 0-60 months. Design: A case control study. Setting: Mulago Referral and Teaching Hospital, Kampala, Uganda. Patients: Sixty six severely malnourished children (age 0-60 months) were
more » ... atched, for age and sex, with 66 well nourished controls, and socio-economic, demographic, health facility utilisation and feeding practices were compared between the two groups. Results: Severe protein energy malnutrition was associated with young age of the caretaker (p = 0.005), living in a mud walled house (OR 2.44, CI 1.13 -5.32), lack of breast feeding (OR 3.22, CI 1.31-8.02), failure to complete immunisation (OR 3.68, CI 1.53 -9.011), no land ownership (OR 4.62, CI 2.09 -10.3), and no ownership of livestock (OR 13.65, CI 3.60 -60.84) , by the caretaker. The level of formal education of the caretaker was not associated with severe malnutrition. Conclusion: There seems to be a strong association between severe malnutrition and some indicators of poverty, lack of breastfeeding, and failure to complete immunisation. Programmes aimed at poverty alleviation, promotion of breastfeeding and immunisation, will go a long way in preventing malnutrition.
doi:10.4314/eamj.v77i9.46691 fatcat:pwresv5nyrdufmepounhwjvf2y