Leptin and systemic lupus erythematosus: A comprehensive review

Amal H Uzrail, Lubna Swellmeen
2020 Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research  
Leptin, a cytokine-like hormone produced by adipocytes, modulates innate and adaptive responses of the immune system. Several reports have indicated that leptin exerts pro-inflammatory effects which significantly trigger autoimmune responses in chronic inflammatory diseases e.g. systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an inflammatory, multi-system disease characterized by the presence of autoantibodies. Irrespective of contradictory results, many studies have indicated that leptin concentrations
more » ... n concentrations are increased in SLE patients. This might reflect genetic association, or a mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of SLE. To shed light on this possibility, recent studies investigated several polymorphism genes related to leptin in SLE patients from different ancestral groups. This review focuses on current understanding of the role of leptin in the pathogenesis of SLE and its immunomodulatory effects. This is expected to provide new leptin-based therapeutic interventions as modern approaches which are safer than the currently used ones for the treatment of SLE. Keywords: Leptin, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Polymorphism, Gene expression
doi:10.4314/tjpr.v19i6.30 fatcat:36hk4buujbfpdf5jairo6235aq