Comparison of a-amylase activity in some sprouting Nigerian cereals

EC Egwim, OB Oloyede
2010 Biokemistri  
The yield and characteristics of Alpha-amylase obtained from some sprouting Nigeria cereals (maize, acha, rice and sorghum) were compared using standard procedures. The result indicated maximum α-amylase yield was attained from 72-120 hours of sprouting cereals). Of all the sprouted cereals, acha gave rise to the highest amylase yield (16.6 ± 0.02x10 2 and the least was exhibited by maize (11.0±0.04x10 2) . The optimum temperature for α-amylase activity was 60 0 C for maize and rice while that
more » ... f acha and sorghum was 70 0 C. The optimal pH for the activity of α-amylase from sprouting maize, rice, acha, and sorghum were exhibited at 6.5, 5.5, 6.5 and 5.8 respectively. The apparent kinetic parameters, V max and K m , were 9.0x10 -2 and 0.23; 12.5x10 -2 and 0.56; 7.0x10 -2 and 0.29; 12.5x10 -2 and 0.50 for α-amylase from sprouting maize, acha, rice and sorghum respectively. It is concluded that α-amylase obtained from sprouting Nigeria cereals manifest differences in quality and quantity, and may be useful in different starch processing industries.
doi:10.4314/biokem.v18i1.56386 fatcat:vsyktm462rcermtkmld5ouswwy