Dynamics of prokaryotic picoplankton community in the central and southern Adriatic Sea (Croatia)
Helgoland Marine Research
This paper addresses the dynamics of the prokaryotic picoplankton community in the coastal and open sea areas of the central Adriatic and in the coastal area of the southern Adriatic. This involved the study, from January to December 2005, of bacteria (total number of non-pigmented bacteria; high nucleic acid content (HNA) bacteria; low nucleic acid content (LNA) bacteria), cyanobacteria (Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus) and heterotrophic nanoflagellates. During the warmer seasons, in the
... seasons, in the mainly oligotrophic area under investigation into the Adriatic Sea, bacterial densities and bacterial production have shown an increase in values and domination of the LNA group of the bacterial population. In contrast, in those areas influenced by karstic rivers, the domination of HNA bacteria in total abundance of non-pigmented bacteria and high values of bacterial production was estimated throughout the investigated period. Our results show the importance of both HNA and LNA bacterial groups in the total bacterial activity throughout the investigated area. The biomass of bacteria was mostly predominant in the prokaryotic community, while within the autotrophic community Synechococcus biomass mostly predominated. During the warmer seasons, an increase in autotrophic biomass was observed in relation to non-pigmented biomass. The importance of predation in controlling bacteria by heterotrophic nanoflagellates was pronounced during the warmer period and in the coastal areas.