Automatic Control and Directed Cell Movement Novel Approach for Understanding Chemotaxis, Galvanotaxis, Galvanotropism
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C - A Journal of Biosciences
It is shown that chemotaxis, galvanotaxis, galvanotropism , etc. are functions of cells having a goal-seeking system. Even when the involved physicochemical signals are unknown, the cellular system can be treated phenomenologically like an automatic controller having a closed-loop feedback system. The model is verified by means of galvanotaxis and chemotaxis data of human granulocytes. The galvanotaxis and chemotaxis coefficient quantifying the cellular sensibility can be predicted from the
... redicted from the coefficient which characterizes the deterministic part of the signal transduction/response system of the cell divided by the coefficient which characterizes the noise strength in the cellular signal transduction/response system. The model is not restricted to directed movement of granulocytes. It is very general and can be applied to any cell type for directed phenomena like chemotaxis, galvanotaxis, phototaxis, magnetotaxis, directed growth, etc. The virus-disturbed directed migration of granulocytes is discussed and it is shown that the virus alters the deterministic part of the cellular controller.