HYDRO-ELASTIC WAVES IN A COCHLEAR MODEL: NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS AND AN ANALYTICALLY REDUCED MODEL

WILLIAM R. HOLMES, MICHAEL JOLLY, JACOB RUBINSTEIN
2011 Confluentes Mathematici (CM)  
A three-dimensional model of the hydro-elastic waves in the mammalian cochlea is presented along with numerical simulations. The cochlear fluid is treated as linear, incompressible, and inviscid. The cochlear partition is treated as a massless thin plate loaded by the fluid. This model is then reformulated by analytically removing the fluid variable with the use of a Dirichlet-to-Neumann operator. The resulting fifth-order nonlocal PDE for the motion of the partition is simulated using a novel
more » ... ated using a novel implicit numerical scheme. Simulations demonstrate that this model exhibits traveling wave characteristics and a clear place principle. Asymptotic analysis in the small aspect ratio of the cochlea is performed on the given model equations with energetic concerns in mind. The results of simulations along with these asymptotic arguments suggest a relationship between the form and function of the cochlea which we compare to physiological data.
doi:10.1142/s1793744211000382 fatcat:hmwvrdzombeczld5wgaixmqt6a