Immune function of peripheral T cells in patients with venous thromboembolism or coronary artery atherosclerosis

Lin Zhou, Haoming Song, Wenjun Xu, Jiahong Xu, Jinfa Jiang, Zhu Gong, Yang Liu, Wenwen Yan, Lemin Wang
2014 Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia (English Edition)  
Introduction and Objectives: Recent studies have shown that the major risk factors for arterial thrombotic diseases are closely associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study aimed to investigate the expression of CD3, CD4 and CD8 in T lymphocytes, the CD4/CD8 ratio and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in patients with VTE, coronary artery atherosclerosis (CAA) and healthy subjects. Methods: A total of 82 healthy subjects, 51 VTE patients and 114 CAA patients were
more » ... cruited, and the expression of CD3, CD4 and CD8 in T lymphocytes and the CD4/CD8 ratio were determined. Serum hs-CRP was also measured. Results: Compared to healthy subjects, VTE patients had significantly reduced CD3 expression (p=0.019), comparable CD4 expression (p=0.868), significantly reduced CD8 expression (p<0.001) and increased CD4/CD8 ratio (p=0.044). However, VTE patients had comparable expression of CD3, CD4 and CD8 and CD4/CD8 ratio to CAA patients. In addition, among patients with VTE or CAA, the proportion of patients with reduced CD3+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes or increased CD4/CD8 ratio was significantly higher than in healthy subjects. In addition, hs-CRP in both VTE and CAA groups was significantly higher than in healthy subjects. Conclusions: The antigen recognition and signal transduction activation of T cells is significantly reduced in patients with VTE or CAA, and the killing effect of T cells on pathogens, including viruses, is also significantly compromised. In addition, inflammatory and immune mechanisms are involved in the occurrence and development of venous and arterial thrombosis.
doi:10.1016/j.repce.2013.10.050 fatcat:my6sngm2f5curcc3y3w4npb6ie