Serological survey of Salmonella spp. infection in finishing pigs from northeastern Spain and associated risk factors
Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research
The results of a serological survey carried out in northeastern Spain to estimate the seroprevalence to Salmonella spp. and to determine potential risk factors are presented. Sera were obtained from farms submitting serum samples to the Regional Diagnostic Laboratory (RDL) for the diagnosis of other infectious diseases included within official eradication/surveillance programs, and farm data collected through a questionnaire. Out of 6,182 pig sera (217 farms) analyzed 1,219 (19.7%) were
... 19.7%) were positive (optical density, OD ≥ 40%). More than 70% of the herds presented ≥ 1 seropositive animal indicating that salmonellosis was widespread. In a multivariable logistic mixed regression model seroprevalence was associated with farms where birds were visible inside the fattening units (OR = 2.1; 95% CI: 1.3-3.2) or that shared workers with other pig farms (OR = 2.5; 95% CI: 1.4-4.7). Seropositivity also increased when farmers used footwear exclusive for the farm (OR = 3.1; 95% CI: 1.3-7.3) or pigs were fed mostly with pellets (OR = 1.7; 95% CI: 1.1-2.6). It was also higher during the fall and winter months. The presence of a changing room and shower in the farm was negatively associated with it (OR = 0.5; 95% CI: 0.3-0.8). Most risk factors could be mitigated through strict hygiene and biosecurity measures, but the high (> 40%) within-herd seroprevalence observed in many herds may challenge the capacity of intervention of animal health authorities.