Adverse articulation: Third countries in China–Australia student migration during COVID-19

Heidi Østbø Haugen, Angela Lehmann
2020 Dialogues in Human Geography  
Southeast Asian countries were articulated with the Australia–China value chain for educational services early in the COVID-19 outbreak, when travelers from China could enter Australia only via stopovers in third countries. The routes, advertised by migration brokers, allowed Australia to externalize risk of infection while profiting from international student mobility.
doi:10.1177/2043820620934939 fatcat:rzrbkfuxsnfshhk5brhgjp35fi