Prior Assessment of Variability in the Geotechnical Properties of Soils for Efficient Infrastructure Management [post]

P.L. Dharamapriya, H.A.H. Jayasena
2021 unpublished
Advance assessments of variations in geotechnical properties of soils are invaluable in making a crucial judgment of geotechnical engineering projects. It could drive to reduce the number of field and laboratory tests so that efficient management design and construction of infrastructure project outputs can be achieved. In this study, we aim at assessing the geotechnical properties of residual, alluvial, marshy, coastal, and compacted soils within the wet and the dry zones of Sri Lanka. Plastic
more » ... limit (PL), liquid limit (LL), shrinkage limit (SL), plasticity index (PI), liquidity index (LI), compression index (Cc), swell potential (SP), activity, natural moisture content (NMC) and SPT-N values were either extracted from reports or deduced from formulas and graphs. Wet zone marshy soils (My_W) show highest statistical means for PL (~23%), LL (~40%), PI (~16 %), SL (~20 %), LI (~ 1%), Cc (~ 0.200) and NMC (~ 35%), indicating poor engineering properties. Wet zone residual soils (Re_W) represent a wide range of direct correlations to the parent material. CH, OH, CL and SM soil groups for some My_W show high expansive, while, CL, Pt/CL, OL, SC, SM in My_W, CL, and SC in Re_W and CL in Dry Zone Alluvial Soils (Al_D) display medium expansive. The higher SPT-N values were recorded in the upper 6.00m and between 12.00-16.00m for the shell of earth dams (SED_D) in the dry zone, in contrast to Al_D soils representing higher N values for 6.00-12.00m. Except for marshy soils, no vertical variation for plasticity was observed in others. Since high to medium swell potential in the unsaturated zone is encountered within the upper 1.50m, attention should pay to the My_W. LL and PI of My_W were strongly correlated (R2 = 0.83) so that an equation PI% = -1.91 + (0.46*LL%) could be used to calculate PI. The results provide baseline geotechnical property variations for the five soils in Sri Lanka so that during planning, best-calculated assessment could be achieved which could minimize time and cost for crucial geotechnical investigations.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:w724iz27svec7dmxi552dpaobu