CHARACTERIZATION OF FUSARIUM SOLANI, CAUSAL AGENT OF PEA WILT AND ITS BIO-MANAGEMENT

Asfand Iqbal, Gulshan Irshad, Farah Naz, Salman Ghuffar, Rabia Khursheed, Aamir Bashir, Muhammad Z. Mustafa, Ammar Mehmood, Najam U. Hassan
2020 Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology  
A B S T R A C T Pea (Pisum Sativum L.) is an important winter crop in Pakistan. The quality and production of pea are deteriorated by several biotic and abiotic factors. Among the biotic factors, Fusarium solani is one of the major limiting factors in pea production. In current studies, a total of two fields located in Koont Research Farm, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, and National Agricultural Research Centre Islamabad (NARC) were surveyed for the determination of Fusarium wilt
more » ... isease incidence. Total eighteen isolates were collected during the field survey; a pathogenicity test was carried out to confirm the degree of virulence among all pathogens. A total of 03 plant essential oils such as Neem (Azadirachta indica), Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus Labill) and Clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) at 200, 400 and 600 ppm were tested against F. solani causing Fusarium wilt of pea. Results revealed that eucalyptus essential oil at all applied concentrations showed the maximum effectiveness against mycelial growth of F. solani under vitro condition followed by neem and clove essential oil as compared to control. Keeping in view the above mentioned, eucalyptus essential oil can be used as bio fungicide against Fusarium solani causing Fusarium wilt of Pea.
doi:10.33866/10.33866/phytopathol.030.02.0534 fatcat:5kw3vsxeqjhrhlgogjsfyhkyoy