Incidence of mucositis in patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at a single center

Ana Carolina Amaral Perrone, Clarissa Ferreira Cunha, Ana Paula da Silva Pinheiro, Abrahão Elias Hallack Neto
2020 JBMTCT  
Goal: The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of oral mucositis (OM) in patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT), relating it to the main clinical factors. Methodology: Descriptive analysis based on a randomized clinical study was conducted with patients undergoing HSCT at the University Hospital of Federal University of Juiz de Fora between January 2018 and June 2019. The World Health Organi­zation oral toxicity scale was used to assess the
more » ... used to assess the degree of oral mucositis and adverse events were graded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) 4.0 version. Results: Thirty-eight patients were evaluated. The incidence of OM and severe oral mucositis (SOM) was 57.9% and 21.0%, respectively. The mean duration of OM was 7.2 ± 2.6 days and the lomustine, etoposide, cytarabine and cyclophosphamide protocol (LEAC) pre­sented the longest mean time 8.1 ± 3.1 days (p-value 0.02). The number of viable CD34+ cells and the onset day of neutropenia were predictors of SOM. Conclusion: The incidence of OM in patients undergoing HSCT was lower than reported in the literature, being more severe in patients who received less CD34+ cells and in patients with early onset of neutropenia.
doi:10.46765/2675-374x.2020v1n1p41-45 fatcat:cud2bmm54rhjlo4hcjtwejf7ie