Non-coronarogenic causes of increased cardiac troponins in clinical practice

Aleksey M. Chaulin, Lilya S. Karslyan, Dmitry V. Duplyakov
2020 Clinical Practice  
Cardiospecific isoforms of troponins are the most sensitive and specific biomarkers for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction. However, though elevated troponin levels indicate myocardial damage, they do not determine the cause and mechanism of the damage. With the new highly sensitive methods, very minor damages of the heart muscle can be detected. Myocardial damage can occur in many non-coronarogenic diseases. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms of elevation, the diagnostic value of
more » ... gnostic value of cardiac troponins in the renal failure, tachyarrhythmias, endocarditis, myocarditis, pericarditis, sepsis, neurogenic pathologies (stroke), pulmonary embolism. In addition, we pay attention to the main reasons for a false-positive increase of the concentration of cardiac troponins: heterophilic antibodies, rheumatoid factor, alkaline phosphatase, cross-reactions with skeletal muscle troponins.
doi:10.17816/clinpract16309 fatcat:djksxcmbzfelpcthg6uidzqjf4