Differences in body dissatisfaction, weight-management practices and food choices of high-school students in the Bangkok metropolitan region by gender and school type

Pitipa Chongwatpol, Gail E Gates
2016 Public Health Nutrition  
AbstractObjectiveThe present study aimed to compare body dissatisfaction, food choices, physical activity and weight-management practices by gender and school type.DesignA questionnaire was used to obtain height, weight, body image perception using Stunkard's figure rating scale, food choices, physical activity and weight-management practices.SettingNine single- and mixed-gender schools located in Bangkok Metropolitan Region, Thailand.SubjectsStudents in 10th–12th grade, aged 15–18 years
more » ... 15–18 years (n2082).ResultsOnly 18 % of females and 21 % of males did not indicate body dissatisfaction. About 66 % of females selected a thinner ideal figure than their current figure. Among males, 44 % wanted a thinner figure, but 35 % wanted a bigger figure. However, univariate analysis found differences by school type but not gender in the degree of body dissatisfaction; students in single-gender schools had more body dissatisfaction. Females reported using more weight-management practices but less physical activity, while males reported healthier food choices. Participants in single-gender schools had healthier food choices compared with those in mixed-gender schools. Adolescents who were at increased risk of a greater degree of body dissatisfaction were females, attended single-gender schools, had lower household income, higher BMI and less physical activity.ConclusionsMost participants reported being dissatisfied with their current body shape, but the type and level of dissatisfaction and use of weight-management practices differed by gender and type of school. These findings suggest that programmes to combat body dissatisfaction should address different risk factors in males and females attending single- and mixed-gender schools.
doi:10.1017/s1368980016000100 pmid:26857966 fatcat:h4nfp5jfuffbhaxthzfdybzwsm