Advances in laser cooling of thulium-doped glass
Journal of the Optical Society of America. B, Optical physics
Recent developments in cooling thulium-doped heavy-metal fluoride glass are presented. Thulium-doped fluorozirconate (ZBLANP) is cooled to 19 K below ambient with a multiple-pass pump scheme. This represents over an order of magnitude increase from the previously reported single-pass geometry. The results agree with a simple model for anti-Stokes fluorescence cooling that includes considerations of quantum efficiency and parasitic heating mechanisms. Issues relating to a practical optical
... erator are examined, including a general model for the effects of multiple pump passes. Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number.