Analysis of coaxial two-terminal conical capacitor
The functions of the National Bureau of Standards are set forth in the Act of Congress, March 3, 1901, as amended by Congress in Public Law 619, 1950. These include the development and maintenance of the national standards of measurement and the provision of means and methods for making measurements consistent with these standards; the determination of physical constants and properties of materials; the development of methods and instruments for testing materials, devices, and structures;
... d structures; advisory services to government agencies on scientific and technical prob lems; invention and development of devices to serve special needs of the Government; and the development of standard practices, codes, and specifications. The work includes basic and applied research! development! engineering, instrumentation, testing! evaluation, calibration services, and various consultation and information services. Research projects are also performed for other government agencies when the work relates to and supplements the basic program of the Bureau or when the Bureau's unique competence is required. The scope of activities is suggested by the listing of divisions and sections on the inside of the back cover. Adjustable capacitors having electrodes in the form of coaxial cones or frustums have been used on rare occasions in the past; but their potential superiority to other types of capacitors for some important applications have been overlooked. The advantage of this geometry over cylindrical or disk forms is that the practical capacitance range is several times larger. An example cites the capacitance ranges of a disk, cylindrical, and conical type to be 10, 40, and 168 to one, respectively. An approximate equation was derived for this conical capacitor and close agreement is shown between computed and measured values of capaci tance versus electrode displacement. Multiple cone and different shape electrodes are suggested to obtain large values of capacitance with an appreciable saving of space and further increased range of capacitance. The electric field is plotted and its construction steps for axial symmetry are given.