「コンパクトシティ」の変遷 : 青森市における議論状況を通じて
The purpose of this study is to describe how ideas on policy are introduced into, accepted by and changed in urban policies through the "compact city" policy in Aomori City. About this policy, a number of studies explain the outlines of urban planning and contents of urban policy, but only a few of them examine the process of introduction, diffusion and change of recognition on "compact city" in a local city. Therefore, it is important to focus on statements about urban policy and to clarify
... the policy has been introduced, changed, accepted or criticized. Aomori City is well known as the first local government in Japan specified the formation and promotion of "compact city" in its urban master plan, and its "compact city" policy has been recognized as the effective strategy for revitalization of inner city. However, some facts, such as the tendency of decrease in pedestrian traffic, the poor performance of central commercial facilities and the change of the mayor in 2009/2016, show that this policy is not always evaluated affirmatively at present. Considering such circumstances, this study describes the change of recognition on the concept of "compact city" in Aomori City through the minutes of city council and newspaper articles. Ideas on "compact city" have functioned as resources and means to improve local city problems and have been reinterpreted according to the situation. This means that the idea will be a compass for policy formation, and is also affected by how to recognize real problems.