Characterization of Endocrine Progenitor Cells and Critical Factors for Their Differentiation in Human Adult Pancreatic Cell Culture

R. Gao, J. Ustinov, M.-A. Pulkkinen, K. Lundin, O. Korsgren, T. Otonkoski
2003 Diabetes  
We have reproduced a previously described method for the in vitro generation of endocrine cells in adult human pancreatic tissue culture. The aim of this study was to characterize the nature of pancreatic progenitor cells and to identify the factors necessary for their differentiation in this model. During monolayer expansion, two types of cells proliferated sequentially; first cytokeratin 19 (CK19)-positive ductal epithelial cells and then
more » ... dine-labeled cells were traced in differentiated islet buds, some of the proliferating ductal cells had differentiated into endocrine cells, whereas nestin-positive cells could not give rise to endocrine tissue. Serum-free culture was found to be an absolute requirement for the endocrine differentiation to occur. Also, overlay of the cells with Matrigel was essential, whereas nicotinamide had a potentiating effect. The in vitro-generated islet buds released insulin in response to glucose nearly as efficiently as native islets. When transplanted under the kidney capsule of nude mice, only one of five grafts demonstrated further growth with foci of both endocrine and exocrine differentiation. Our results support the previous notion that pancreatic progenitor cells represent a subpopulation of ductal epithelial cells. No evidence was found for the development of endocrine cells from nestin-positive stem cells.
doi:10.2337/diabetes.52.8.2007 pmid:12882917 fatcat:jcm7xbzkarbjjcwhkhkb55gqgy