Lumber on the Kennebeck

1847 Scientific American  
From the destruction of the Greek empire by the Turks may we date the rise of the day star of European mechanical genius. In the fifteenth century Stevinius the .Dutch engi· neer, constructed windmills in the Low Coun tries, a nd in the Italian States small mill wheels were erected in great numbers, and at the present day on the mOllntain streams of the Tyrol, they are to be seen on every glen, pursumg, if we may use the expre8sion, a thou.and various occupations. It was not, however, until the
more » ... last century that the' full value of water power became known. From the wars and tumults of Europe, it became perfectly impossible to manufacture clothing and epuipments in those countrIes once cele brated for manufactures, therefore to those na tions that were at peace, a fi eld for the manu factore and sale of merchandise, was white for the harvest Flanders, once a great manu· facturing country became the cockpit of Eu rope, and in Italy, France and Spain, manu factures were almost entirely destroyed. En gland isolated from the strife then became the workshop of the world. The demand for her manufactures soon became far greater than she could supply and the flocks of Spain and Saxony slaughtered for the food of slaughter ing men, cut off the supply of raw material which used·to be employed for clothing. At this period an auxilliary was discovered in the abundant supply of American cotton, but which from the difficulty of cleaning, rendered it as expensive as linen. It was then that Ameri-· ADVANCE-the remainder in 6 nIDnths. POltmasterB are rl'spectfully requested t. receive subscriptions for this Paper, to w.ha.l a discount of 25 per cent will be allowed. An:! person sending us 4 subllCribers fill' • montha, shall receive a COPT of the paper rw tbe same le�Ua of time,
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican07171847-341i fatcat:wag7ccwmrfdibauuowrfzyx2fe