Neuroradiology and voice findings in stroke

Juliana Fernandes Godoy, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Giédre Berretin-Félix, Adriano Yacubian Fernandes
2014 CoDAS  
Neurological dysphonias are vocal disorders followed by injuries or changes in the nervous system. Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide and the brain damage caused by it can affect communication in several aspects. The changes in the vocal features caused by these lesions are poorly described regarding the location and extent of cerebral involvement. The aim of this study was to describe vocal parameters of ten elderly patients affected by stroke according to the topography of
more » ... the topography of the lesion at neuroimaging. We recorded from them: perceptual and auditory evaluation of voice and laryngeal diadochokinesis. Neuroimaging studies were classified according to location, extent, laterality territory of brain injury. The results show a population of extensive middle cerebral artery strokes and strokes with varied location in the brain. The subjects' voices showed predominantly the presence of roughness, breathiness, richeness and instability, and change in laryngeal motor control, demonstrated by reduced speed and instability in laryngeal diadochokinesis. These features presented in patients with extensive middle cerebral artery stroke and in patients with short strokes with varied location in the brain. The results suggest that the vocal features in the assessed cases do not depend only on the topography of the brain damage. Thus, it is important to consider the patient as unique in clinical evaluation.
doi:10.1590/2317-1782/2014531in pmid:24918512 fatcat:b5yu4reshjes3fyscdilmoul5y