In Silico Investigation of Mitragynine and 7-Hydroxymitragynine Metabolism
Objective: Mitragynine is the main active compound of Mitragyna speciose (Kratom in Thai). The understanding of mitragynine derivative metabolism in human body is required to develop effective detection techniques in case of drug abuse or establish an appropriate dosage in case of medicinal uses. This in silico study is based upon in vivo results in rat and human by Philipp et al. (J. Mass Spectrom., 2009, 44, 1249 Results: The gas-phase structures of mitragynine, 7-hydroxymitragynine and their
... tragynine and their metabolites were obtained by quantum chemical method at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. Results in terms of standard Gibbs energies of reaction for all metabolic pathways are reported with solvation energy from SMD model. We found that 7-hydroxy substitution leads to changes in reactivity in comparison to mitragynine: position 17 is more reactive towards demethylation and conjugation to a glucuronide and position 9 is less reactive towards conjugation to a glucuronide. Despite the changes, position 9 is the most reactive for demethylation and position 17 is the most reactive for conjugation to a glucuronide for both mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine. Our results suggest that 7-hydroxy substitution could lead to different metabolic pathways and raise an important question for further experimental studies of this more potent derivative.