Impact of Environmental Microbes on the Composition of the Gut Microbiota of Adult BALB/c Mice

Zhimao Bai, Honglin Zhang, Na Li, Zhiyu Bai, Liling Zhang, Zhencheng Xue, Haitao Jiang, Yuan Song, Dongrui Zhou, Suryasarathi Dasgupta
2016 PLoS ONE  
To investigate the impact of microbes within the living environment on the gut microbiota of adults, we raised three groups of BALB/c mice from 3-4 weeks age in the same specificpathogen-free animal room for 8 weeks. The control group lived in cages with sterilized bedding (pelletized cardboard), the probiotics group had three probiotics added to the sterilized bedding, and the intestinal microbes (IM) group had the intestinal microbes of a healthy goat added to the bedding. All other variables
more » ... such as diet, age, genetic background, physiological status, original gut microbiota, and living room were controlled. Using high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, we observed that the control and probiotics groups had similar diversity and richness of gut microbiota. The two groups had significantly lower diversity than the IM group. We also observed that the IM group had a specific structure of gut microbial community compared with the control and probiotics groups. However, the dominate bacteria changed slightly upon exposure to intestinal microbes, and the abundance of the non-dominate species changed significantly. In addition, exposure to intestinal microbes inhibited DNFB-induced elevation of serum IgE levels. Our results provide new evidence in support of the microflora and hygiene hypotheses.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0160568 pmid:27518814 pmcid:PMC4982623 fatcat:6vpgtzmatnasdjjokbtqbevho4