Ultrastructural alterations in adult Schistosoma mansoni caused by artemether

Shuhua Xiao, Binggui Shen, Jürg Utzinger, Jacques Chollet, Marcel Tanner
2002 Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz  
Progress has been made over the last decade with the development and clinical use of artemether as an agent against major human schistosome parasites. The tegument has been identified as a key target of artemether, implying detailed studies on ultrastructural damage induced by this compound. We performed a temporal examination, employing a transmission electron microscope to assess the pattern and extent of ultrastructural alterations in adult Schistosoma mansoni harboured in mice treated with
more » ... mice treated with a single dose of 400 mg/kg artemether. Eight hours posttreatment, damage to the tegument and subtegumental structures was seen. Tegumental alterations reached a peak 3 days after treatment and were characterized by swelling, fusion of distal cytoplasma, focal lysis of the tegumental matrix and vacuolisation. Tubercles and sensory organelles frequently degenerated or collapsed. Typical features of subtegumental alterations, including muscle fibres, syncytium and parenchyma tissues, were focal or extensive lysis, vacuolisation and degeneration of mitochondria. Severe alterations were also observed in gut epithelial cells and vitelline cells of female worms. Our findings of artemether-induced ultrastructural alterations in adult S. mansoni confirm previous results obtained with juvenile S. mansoni and S. japonicum of different ages.
doi:10.1590/s0074-02762002000500023 fatcat:yl2gjiqlvrgl7mk6csejujlt4u