Distribution regularized self-supervised learning for domain adaptation of semantic segmentation

Javed Iqbal, Hamza Rawal, Rehan Hafiz, Yu-Tseh Chi, Mohsen Ali
2022 Image and Vision Computing  
This paper proposes a novel pixel-level distribution regularization scheme (DRSL) for self-supervised domain adaptation of semantic segmentation. In a typical setting, the classification loss forces the semantic segmentation model to greedily learn the representations that capture inter-class variations in order to determine the decision (class) boundary. Due to the domain shift, this decision boundary is unaligned in the target domain, resulting in noisy pseudo labels adversely affecting
more » ... upervised domain adaptation. To overcome this limitation, along with capturing inter-class variation, we capture pixel-level intra-class variations through class-aware multi-modal distribution learning (MMDL). Thus, the information necessary for capturing the intra-class variations is explicitly disentangled from the information necessary for inter-class discrimination. Features captured thus are much more informative, resulting in pseudo-labels with low noise. This disentanglement allows us to perform separate alignments in discriminative space and multi-modal distribution space, using cross-entropy based self-learning for the former. For later, we propose a novel stochastic mode alignment method, by explicitly decreasing the distance between the target and source pixels that map to the same mode. The distance metric learning loss, computed over pseudo-labels and backpropagated from multi-modal modeling head, acts as the regularizer over the base network shared with the segmentation head. The results from comprehensive experiments on synthetic to real domain adaptation setups, i.e., GTA-V/SYNTHIA to Cityscapes, show that DRSL outperforms many existing approaches (a minimum margin of 2.3% and 2.5% in mIoU for SYNTHIA to Cityscapes).
doi:10.1016/j.imavis.2022.104504 fatcat:dtn6qgbr4jayfecrvm6mzko3sa