Phytochemical composition and antibacterial activity of ethanolic extract from trunk of Rothmannia wittii (Craib) Bremek. (Rubiaceae) newly found in Vietnam

Hong Van, Tai Nguyen, Hoai Ton, Kim Dinh, Van Le, Tan Pham, Gia Tran
2020 BioTechnologia  
Rothmannia wittii, which is found in Binh Chau-Phuoc Buu Nature Reserve, Bung Rieng ward, Xuyen Moc District, Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province, Vietnam, is a rare species of Rubiaceae family. The present study aimed to determine the phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the ethanolic extract of the R. wittii trunk. A total of 10 compounds were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrophotometry (LC-MS), including 1) benzene, 1-(1,5-dimethyl-4-hexenyl)-4-methyl, 2)
more » ... l, 2) diphenylsulfone, 3) 6β-hydroxy-10-O-acetylgenipin, 4) cinnamyl-cinnamate, 5) genipin, 6) megastigmatrienone, 7) ethyl p-methoxy-trans-cinnamate, 8) rothalazepane, 9) 1,3,6trimethylpyrano[2,3-d ]imidazole-2,5(1H,3H)-dione, and 10) shanzhiol. The extract also exhibited an antibacterial activity against six bacterial strains: Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella enteritidis, as determined via disk diffusion agar method.
doi:10.5114/bta.2020.100422 fatcat:irw6lhlkynebxg7mlrl6ylvipm