Stress and quality of life in patients with gastrointestinal cancer

Slavka Galić, Željko Glavić, Marijan Cesarik
2014 Acta Clinica Croatica  
This study aimed to answer the question whether it is possible to predict the quality of life in individuals with gastrointestinal cancer based on the number of life events, perceived stress levels and coping strategies. The study included 60 individuals (44 male and 16 female) aged 48 to 87 years, with malignant gastrointestinal tract diseases (56 with colon or rectal cancer, 2 with stomach cancer and 2 with pancreatic cancer). The following instruments were used: Questionnaire on General
more » ... ire on General Information and Lifestyle Habits (developed for the purpose of this study); Scale for Measuring Quality of Life; Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations; and Life Events Scale. Results showed that the number of life events, perceived stress levels, emotion-oriented coping and avoidance were not predictive for the quality of life. Education was the only predictor for factors contributing to the quality of life (predictive variables on the Scale for Measuring Quality of Life). Task-oriented coping and education were predictors for satisfaction with past life and task-oriented coping was predictive for criterion variables on the Scale for Measuring Quality of Life and for factor related to future expectations and comparison to other people, but the proportion of explained variance was modest. The results of this study suggest that it is important to consider other variables (e.g., personality traits and sociodemographic factors) in predicting the quality of life and psychotherapeutic work with gastrointestinal cancer patients. It is important to bear in mind that there is no universally good individual coping strategy that is acceptable in all situations, but that coping flexibility or the ability to adequately change coping strategies in response to situational demands is by far more important.
pmid:25509237 fatcat:xneotc3zsbbfraezwwakdry2k4