A CONTRIBUTION TO SHOCK ABSORBER MODELING BY USING "BLACK BOX" METHOD

Giovanni Belingardi, Miroslav Demić
unpublished
Shock absorbers are fundamental part of the vehicle suspension. Suspensions are needed to guarantee vehicle handling and passenger comfort [15-18,20,21,25,26]. For good handling and braking performance of the vehicle, the tire-road contact forces need to be as stable as possible. Each wheel should always remain in contact with the ground [21]. Comfort means that vibrations, induced by road profile during riding, are of a minimal nuisance to the passengers. When designing a new vehicle, a lot of
more » ... development effort is focused on the optimal choice of the suspension parameters, stiffness and damping. This paper presents some results of an experimental study conducted on three shock absorbers that are in current production at Magneti-Marelli. Experimental tests were performed in conditions of random excitation. Based on the characteristic diagrams that correlate Forces with the kinematic values (Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration), by means of the "black box" method a mathematical model of the shock absorber response has been identified.
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