Opportunities and Challenges for Machine Learning in Rare Diseases

Sergio Decherchi, Elena Pedrini, Marina Mordenti, Andrea Cavalli, Luca Sangiorgi
2021 Frontiers in Medicine  
Rare diseases (RDs) are complicated health conditions that are difficult to be managed at several levels. The scarcity of available data chiefly determines an intricate scenario even for experts and specialized clinicians, which in turn leads to the so called "diagnostic odyssey" for the patient. This situation calls for innovative solutions to support the decision process via quantitative and automated tools. Machine learning brings to the stage a wealth of powerful inference methods; however,
more » ... matching the health conditions with advanced statistical techniques raises methodological, technological, and even ethical issues. In this contribution, we critically point to the specificities of the dialog of rare diseases with machine learning techniques concentrating on the key steps and challenges that may hamper or create actionable knowledge and value for the patient together with some on-field methodological suggestions and considerations.
doi:10.3389/fmed.2021.747612 pmid:34676229 pmcid:PMC8523988 fatcat:yvmg3n4m2fcb5k43lvhen2r4o4