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During the past two years, traditional freight transportation intermediaries, which include freight forwarders, brokers and third party logistics providers have been joined by a large number of new intermediaries. The main drivers of the development of these new companies are advances in information and communications technologies, the development of web-based or on-line freight transportation marketplaces and the emergence worldwide of business-to-business (B2B) electronic marketplaces anddoi:10.3141/1763-01 fatcat:hubdmmfidvflzdtqrtdgdluzmm