Nucleic acid approaches for detection and identification of biological warfare and infectious disease agents

Dmitri Ivnitski, Daniel J. O'Neil, Anthony Gattuso, Roger Schlicht, Michael Calidonna, Rodney Fisher
2003 BioTechniques  
Biological warfare agents are the most problematic of the weapons of mass destruction and terror. Both civilian and military sources predict that over the next decade the threat from proliferation of these agents will increase significantly. In this review we summarize the state of the art in detection and identification of biological threat agents based on PCR technology with emphasis on the new technology of microarrays. The advantages and limitations of real-time PCR technology and a review
more » ... ology and a review of the literature as it applies to pathogen and virus detection are presented. The paper covers a number of issues related to the challenges facing biological threat agent detection technologies and identifies critical components that must be overcome for the emergence of reliable PCR-based DNA technologies as bioterrorism countermeasures and for environmental applications. The review evaluates various system components developed for an integrated DNA microchip and the potential applications of the next generation of fully automated DNA analyzers with integrated sample preparation and biosensing elements.
doi:10.2144/03354ss03 pmid:14579752 fatcat:2k2zwdazr5fpvp5dzz2r3jcu2u