Prevalence and Associated Factors of Minor Neuromotor Dysfunctions at Age 5 Years in Prematurely Born Children

Catherine Arnaud, Laetitia Daubisse-Marliac, Mélanie White-Koning, Véronique Pierrat, Béatrice Larroque, Hélène Grandjean, Corine Alberge, Stéphane Marret, Antoine Burguet, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Karine Supernant, Monique Kaminski
2007 Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine  
Objectives: To assess the frequency of minor neuromotor dysfunctions (MNDs) at age 5 years according to gestational age, to test their association with behavioral and learning difficulties, and to find determining neonatal factors. Design: Prospective population-based cohort study of children born in 1997 and followed up from birth to age 5 years. Setting: All maternity wards in 9 regions of France. Participants: A total of 1662 children born before 33 completed weeks of gestation and 2 control
more » ... groups including 245 children born at 33 to 34 weeks and 332 children born at 39 to 40 weeks. Main Exposure: Birth before 33 weeks. Main Outcome Measure: Short version of the Touwen neurological examination classifying children as healthy, having mild MND (MND-1), or having moderate MND (MND-2) depending on the number of abnormal neuromotor signs found. Results: Of children born before 33 weeks, 41.4% had MND-1 and 3.0% had MND-2. These proportions were 30.8% and 0.5%, respectively, for children born at 33 to 34 weeks and 22.0% and 0.7%, respectively, for children born at 39 to 40 weeks. Minor neuromotor dysfunction was independently associated with learning difficulties at age 5 years (odds ratio [OR], 1.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-2.2). In very preterm children, factors associated with MND-1 were postnatal corticotherapy (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.3-2.6), multiple births (OR, 0.7; 95% CI, 0.6-0.9), and, in singletons, breastfeeding (OR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.6-0.99). Being a boy (OR, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.5-6.4), having had acute fetal distress (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.4-5.5) or severe abnormalities on early cranial ultrasonography (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.2-6.2), and having had postnatal corticotherapy (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.2-6.1) increased the risk of MND-2. Conclusions: The high rate of MNDs and their association with an increased risk for learning difficulties justify their screening in case of (even moderate) prematurity.
doi:10.1001/archpedi.161.11.1053 pmid:17984407 fatcat:izawyhnwyvfbvd26d2oedxts4u