Challenging Infrastructure Project Assisted by Monitoring and Numerical Modelling as the Follo Line Tunnels were Excavated Below Existing Tunnels
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
AbstractJust south of Oslo Central Station, the new high-speed Follo Line railway tunnels pass beneath the existing Ekeberg road tunnels. This paper presents the construction methods, numerical model, and monitoring program used to assess the stability of the E6 road tunnels during the excavation of the Follo Line tunnels only a few metres below. The construction of the Follo Line was approved subject to three conditions: (1) there should be no negative effect on the stability of the Ekeberg
... nels, (2) the traffic flow in the Ekeberg tunnels had to be maintained at all times and (3) any risk of instability in the existing tunnels must be detected beforehand, so that necessary precautionary actions could be taken in good time. To deal with the challenges, SINTEF developed a comprehensive analysis procedure, combining continuous rock stress measurements and displacement measurements with 2D and 3D numerical modelling. The rock stress change monitoring was used together with the numerical model to monitor the stability conditions in the Ekeberg tunnels as the Follo Line tunnels were excavated. This ensured that any risk of instability in the existing tunnels could be detected in advance to enable precautionary action to be taken. The successful completion of the new tunnels without any disturbance to the road tunnels shows that the procedure would be useful for dealing with similar applications in the future.