TV-based conjugate gradient method and discrete L-curve for few-view CT reconstruction of X-ray in vivo data

Xiaoli Yang, Ralf Hofmann, Robin Dapp, Thomas van de Kamp, Tomy dos Santos Rolo, Xianghui Xiao, Julian Moosmann, Jubin Kashef, Rainer Stotzka
2015 Optics Express  
High-resolution, three-dimensional (3D) imaging of soft tissues requires the solution of two inverse problems: phase retrieval and the reconstruction of the 3D image from a tomographic stack of two-dimensional (2D) projections. The number of projections per stack should be small to accommodate fast tomography of rapid processes and to constrain X-ray radiation dose to optimal levels to either increase the duration of in vivo time-lapse series at a given goal for spatial resolution and/or the
more » ... servation of structure under X-ray irradiation. In pursuing the 3D reconstruction problem in the sense of compressive sampling theory, we propose to reduce the number of projections by applying an advanced algebraic technique subject to the minimisation of the total variation (TV) in the reconstructed slice. This problem is formulated in a Lagrangian multiplier fashion with the parameter value determined by appealing to a discrete L-curve in conjunction with a conjugate gradient method. The usefulness of this reconstruction modality is demonstrated for simulated and in vivo data, the latter acquired in parallel-beam imaging experiments using synchrotron radiation.
doi:10.1364/oe.23.005368 pmid:25836772 fatcat:2rig5hljm5aujjnk2e6uuvfi7e